Resources for Making ARC and PLC Decisions

The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) reauthorized the ARC and PLC programs with modifications for the 2019 through 2023 crop years.  The ARC Program is an income support program that provides payments when actual crop revenue declines below a specified guarantee level.  The PLC Program provides income support payments when the effective price for a covered commodity falls below its effective reference price.  There are 22 covered commodities: wheat, oats, barley, corm, grain sorghum, long grain rice, medium/short grain rice, temperate japonica rice, seed cotton, dry peas, lentils, large and small chickpeas, soybeans, peanuts, sunflower seed, canola, flaxseed, mustard seed, rapeseed, safflower, crambe, and sesame seed.

For the entire USDA FSA Fact Sheet on ARC – PLC click here.

Below are summary signup recommendations for Wisconsin Farmers from Dr. Paul Mitchell, Agricultural and Applied Economics, UW-Madison. 

Summary of recommendations for Wisconsin farmers for the 2019 and 2020 crop years:
1. Update PLC payment yields for each crop if yields increase
2. Corn: Signup for PLC
3. Soybean: Run the Gardner payment simulator (link below) for your county and your PLC
payment yields and choose the option (ARC-CO or PLC) with the highest average
payments for 2019 and 2020
4. Wheat: Signup for PLC
5. Oats: Signup for County ARC (ARC-CO)

Additional Resources (
* Payment simulator:
*Videos explaining recommendation logic:
*Corn and Soybeans:
*Wheat and Oats:
* Video: How ARC and PLC work:
* Video: How ARC-IC (Individual Coverage works):
* Video: Farms that may find ARC-IC useful


Greg Blonde, Agriculture Agent
Extension Waupaca County
Courthouse, 811 Harding Street
Waupaca, WI 54981-2087
Phone: 715-258-6230
Fax: 715-258-6232
Office Hours: 8:00 am – 4:00 pm

Dana Nelson, Program Assistant
Extension Waupaca County
Courthouse, 811 Harding Street
Waupaca, WI 54981-2087
Phone: 715-258-6231



Sharing is Caring - Click Below to Share